BY DIRGHA RAJ PRASAI
During the Muslim rule in India, English imperialist East India Company invaded India to impose Christianity. They came first as traders, secondly with Bible and thirdly with sword where they were building their own military force secretly to takeover India and they were getting help from Great Britain to do so, and they succeeded. In such a situation, the King of Gorkha, Prithvi Narayan Shah, kept virgin more than 54 small Hindu states unifying sovereign United Hindu Kingdom Nepal. We Nepalese people are celebrating the Unity Day and the memorial Birthday of the unifier Prithvi Narayan Shah on 11 January this year (27 Pous).
Nepali and Indian people have always enjoyed cordial relations due to the cultural and religious resemblance. They should know that if instability persists in Nepal, it could be a bastion of terrorism posing a threat to the whole world. When there were more than 25 nations in India before Muslim and British period, at that time, India was not called ‘Hindustan’. Being the majority Hindu people in these Indian states, British named the country as ‘Hindustan.’ However, 250 years ago, the great King Prithvi Narayan Shah had proclaimed “Nepal is true Hindustan” That is the reality of History.
Nepal and India are only the two pious Hindu countries in the world. These Hindu countries are bordered in between Kailash-Mansarowar in the north and Hinda-Mahasagar in south, which is popularly known as the original place of Hindu and Hinduism. Hinduism educated us global brotherhood, humanitarian and respectful coexistence among differences. I strongly believe that Hindu philosophy can guide the entire world for humanitarian values and norms. Hinduism is our identity, Hinduism is our dignity, Hinduism is our life. It is the pride that we are part of it.
The Nepalese monarchs always have goodwill with India. The fact is that the Nepalese monarchs held special right for carrying out ritualistic worship in many Hindu shrines and temples in India. Then, India’s Hindutwa also can be dignified.
Prithvi Narayan Shah, the unifier of Nepal is the pride of Nepal. Before 293 years the greatest hero Prithbinarayan Shah was born in Gorkha. Nepal is the mother land for all the Nepalis spread around the globe. It was almost 100 years before Germany and Italy was unified and the restoration of the Meiji dynasty was restored that Prithvi Narayan Shah had unified 54 small fiefdoms to build a large, integrated, and strong Nepal. It is remarkable that the American citizens never forgets the history of Gorge Washington, who gave freedom to the people from the British imperialism and united the people in the United State of America after almost 30 years of the Nepalese unification (1768).
The British empire, spreading in Asia, after getting hold in India had eyed on mountainous region i.e. Nepal. It was not an easy task to fight against the British imperialistic force in the mid 18th century. As, the culture, the religion and the nationality was in a danger, which compelled Prithvi Narayan Shah to create Greater Nepal by unifying many small Hindu states and protected Buddhism and other religions too. Prithvi Narayan Shah had kept the originality of mountainous Nepal by holding the Moon-Sun depicting flag to wave, which obliged all the Nepalese in the world. The creator of this nation, Prithivi Narayan Shah had mentioned in his Divine Counsels, “This is not the nation gained by my trifle efforts, this is the garden of all class of flowers, and may all be aware of this.” We should understand that each and every citizen of Nepal is the equal owner of this country.
Gorkha King Prithivi Narayan declared Kathmandu as the capital and Nepal as the Kingdom but not Gorkha. Prithvi Narayan Shah not only brought caste-and ethnicity-based states under the umbrella of Nepal, but also laid a solid foundation for the modern state. Nepal as a “yam between two boulders” suggesting the need for a delicate balance of relationship between its two big neighbors, a fundamental rule of Nepal’s foreign policy even now. Prithivi Narayan Shah’s warning that “to bribe and taking bribe are both enemies of the nation” is a quote that many Nepalese repeat today, pointing fingers at their new leaders.
The historical event says that after capturing Kirtipur, an English Platoon of 2,400 under the leadership of Killok was chased away from Sindhuli with the support from Ram Krishna Kunwar and Dev Narayan Magar and others. Then, Prithvi Narayan Shah came to Kathmandu, in course of creating a greater Nepal. After winning Kathmandu he sat on the royal throne at Hanuman Dhoka with the help of Jhyagal Gurung after received ‘Tika’ from Kumari (Shakya living Goddess). To maintain the pride and culture of this place, he did everything that could do in the process of formation of the greater Nepal. With the support of all different castes including Magar, Gurung, Sherpa, Bahun, Chetri, Kami, Damai, Sarki etc. Prthvi Narayan Shah contributed to expand this nation to Tista in the East, Kangada in the West and Ganges in the South.
Prithvi Narayan Shah’s policy of ‘Rights of inheritors over the land’- (Jagga Mathi Raitiko Adhikar) has heralded a tremendous influence over the people. The culture, tradition, religion, religious rituals, language and attires of all ethnic groups of the nation was accepted as a common property for co-existence after the unification. Nepali language had become extensive among people of other castes, so it was transformed as the government’s official language and common language of use among the Nepalese. Instead of Gorkha, the name Kingdom of Nepal was proclaimed. There were no forcible acts to this effect. Prithvi Narayan was common leaders of all Hindus and Buddhists, castes and tribes.
A strong unitary sovereign nation was created with the participation of the indigenous people. The indigenous people will accept the existence of a unitary state to remain protected from the danger posed by our northern and southern neighbors. The culture remains intact that the indigenous tribes together to survive in harmony, and the Nepalese common language which is understood by all. World famous national flag is Nepali ethnic groups’ story of pride. From the unification, the attractive national attire is Nepalese people’s identity.
It is notable that the very exercise of Nepal as an independent country was made possible only because of geographical situation of the region by Prithivi Narayan Shah alongside the committed, dedicated and trusted ministers and generals belonging to the various origins. Very surprisingly, Nepal was able to stand on its ground as an independent, unique and powerful multi-ethnics state situated on the lap of the Himalayas, even in such a vulnerable situation where such extreme colonial encroachment in South Asia was rife. People of different ethnic backgrounds seemed to have united under the umbrella of the newly emergent Nepal. In many cases, a practical policy, offering dependent states to smaller friendly principalities was adopted by the great King Prithivi Narayan Shah.
Nepal is a nation that has shown its identity of being the only Hindu Kingdom that protects its monarchy. But some are demanding for only the Hindu status. There should not be a Hindu status alone that only recognizes Hindu monopoly. From the time of unification Nepal has been known as a Hindu kingdom. In a Hindu Kingdom all religions including Islamic religion have their space. Nepal’s national flag and its status as a Hindu kingdom has been a distinct identity in the world. Nepal is the central and authoritative land of Hinduism and Buddhism. Nepal could be declared a Hindu Kingdom and made the centre of these two religions. However, the sad part is that under foreign pressure the party leaders declared Nepal a republic and secular nation. This is a serious crime committed by our political leaders against the nation.
We, the nationalist people, celebrate the glorious memorial Birth anniversary of the Great King and unifier Prithvi Narayan Shan on 27 Pous every year. Long live sovereign Nepal, long live creator of Greater Nepal – Prithivi Narayan Shah!
Warrior Prithvi Narayan Shah
BY DIRGHA RAJ PRASAI