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Machhapuchre Bank

US tightens visa process

By Our Reporter
The US has tightened the process to grant visa to almost all foreigners, including Nepalis.
The State Department is now requiring nearly all applicants for U.S. visas to submit their social media usernames, previous email addresses and phone numbers. It’s a vast expansion of the Trump administration’s enhanced screening of potential immigrants and visitors.
In a move that’s just taken effect after approval of the revised application forms, the department says it has updated its immigrant and nonimmigrant visa forms to request the additional information, including “social media identifiers,” from almost all U.S. visa seekers.
The change, which was proposed in March 2018, is expected to affect about 15 million foreigners who apply for visas to enter the United States each year.
“National security is our top priority when adjudicating visa applications, and every prospective traveller and immigrant to the United States undergoes extensive security screening,” the department said. “We are constantly working to find mechanisms to improve our screening processes to protect U.S. citizens, while supporting legitimate travel to the United States.”
Social media, email and phone number histories had only been sought in the past from applicants who were identified for extra scrutiny, such as people who had travelled to areas controlled by terrorist organisations. An estimated 65,000 applicants per year had fallen into that category.
The department says collecting the additional information from more applicants “will strengthen our process for vetting these applicants and confirming their identity.”
The new rules apply to virtually all applicants for immigrant and nonimmigrant visas. When it filed its initial notice to make the change, the department estimated it would affect 710,000 immigrant visa applicants and 14 million nonimmigrant visa applicants, including those who want to come to the U.S. for business or education.
The new visa application forms list a number of social media platforms and require the applicant to provide any account names they may have had on them over the previous five years. They also give applicants the option to volunteer information about social media accounts on platforms not listed on the form.
In addition to their social media histories, visa applicants are now asked for five years of previously used telephone numbers, email addresses, international travel and deportation status, as well as whether any family members have been involved in terrorist activities.
Only applicants for certain diplomatic and official visa types are exempted from the requirements.
The government, including Foreign Minister Pradeep Kumar Gyawali has been categorically rejecting any role and engagement in US-led Indo-Pacific Strategy, a recent report from the US Department of Defense showed otherwise.
The department stated that the United States sought to “expand” its defence relationship with Nepal under the ‘State Partnership Programme in the Indo-Pacific.’
According to the ‘Indo-Pacific Strategy Report: Preparedness, Partnership, and Promoting a Networked Region’, released on Saturday, Nepal, along with Sri Lanka, has been “recently added”–in 2019–to the US’ ‘State Partnership Programme in the Indo-Pacific’.
In South Asia, the US is working to operationalise major defence partnerships with India, while pursuing emerging partnerships with Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Bangladesh, and Nepal under the Indo-Pacific Strategy where the US seeks to expand its defence relationship with Nepal, focusing on “humanitarian assistance and disaster response, peacekeeping operations, defence professionalisation, ground force capacity, and counter-terrorism,” the report says.
With Nepal’s inclusion in the Indo-Pacific Strategy report, many observers wonder what understanding the country had with the United States and what assistance it and the Nepal Army would receive under the new deal.
The government is likely to irk China as one of goals of the Indo-Pacific Strategy is to encircle China. The shift may also fuel the movements of Tibetans in Kathmandu.
However, the government officials said that larger engagements could have been agreed to by the Nepal Army as it is solely responsible for agreements, pacts or understandings reached with the US.

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