By Dirgha Raj Prasai
The glorious Indra Jatra, this year, is being celebrated enthusiastically in Kathmandu on Bhadra 30th 2073 BS (15th Sep.2016). On Bhadra 1825 BS, the golden day of Indra Jatra, King Prithvi Narayan Shah concurred greater Nepal and sat on the royal throne at Hanuman Dhoka with the help of eleven Gorkha Armies and Jhyagal Gurung, after receiving ‘Tika’ from Kumari (Shakya living Goddess) . From then all the kings of Nepal continued the tradition of receiving Tika from Kumari during Indra Jatra.
The great Hero Prithvi Narayan Shah was born in Gorkha on 27th Poush 1779 BS and he gowned king’s Crown in Gorkha Palace on Ramnawami 1788 BS. With the support of all different castes including Magar, Gurung, Sherpa, Bahun, Chetri, Kami, Damai, Sarki etc., Prithvi Narayan Shah maintained the pride of this place and did everything that could be done to create a greater Nepal. He is the unifier, the pride of Nepal.
Kumari, a baby girl, dressed in red and golden costume, is appointed as an incarnation of the goddess- Tulaja Bhawani. As part of her sheltered existence, she spends the rest of the years in a temple away from the public. Kumari is the ‘virgin goddess’ adored by thousands of people during religious festival. ‘Living Goddesses’ are chosen as infants from Buddhist community after she passes 32 tests of ‘perfection’. The child of being Kumari ends when she reaches her puberty. To become Kumari, a child has to meet specific criteria such as sporting ‘eyelashes like a cow,’ ‘thighs like a deer,’ and a ‘voice as clear as a duck. Even if a child has all of the aforementioned characteristics, her astrological chart must be considered favorable to the King of Nepal. She will also be tested for signs of fearlessness and serenity before she is adorned with the title. In Nepal, Kumari is believed to be the protector from evil and the bestowal of good luck and prosperity. After the declaration of Republic in Nepal, many religious authorities criticized and demanded the restoration of monarch.
The presidential system can never adjust substitution of monarch in this pious-‘Hindu and Buddha land’. The president may be party oriented, man or women, Christian or Muslim and then all the religious traditions and rituality gradually can end. So, in the context of Nepal, the constitutional monarchy must be in existence because the royal institution is an identified symbol as a reserve and protective force to safeguard Nepal. In fact since 2006, Nepal’s situation has been gradually deteriorated. This is because our basic foundations are violated; consequently national unity and sustainable peace has not been achieved. The constitution 1990 was suddenly suspended without any reason by the hints of RAW, EU and CIA and then forcefully declared- republic and secular state in 3rd Ashoj 2073 BS. Therefore to keep Nepal’s sovereignty and religious traditions intact, constitutional monarchy and Hindu kingdom must be in existence.
Since 1768, ‘Nepal’ became a common shelter for all Nepalese people. This is the mother land for all Nepalese people spread around the globe. Prithvi Narayan Shah had unified 54 small fiefdoms to build a large, expanded and strong Nepal almost 100 years before Germany and Italy was unified and the restoration of the Meiji dynasty. It is remarkable that the American citizen never forgets the history of Gorge Washington, who gave freedom to the people from the British imperialism and united the United State of America after almost 30 years from the Nepalese unification (1768). The British Empire, spreading in Asia, after getting hold in India had eyed on mountainous region i.e. Nepal. It was not an easy task to fight against the British imperialistic force in the mid 18th century. As, the culture, religion and nationality was in danger, Prithvi Narayan Shah was compelled to unify the Greater Nepal, including the many small Hindu states and protected Buddhism and other religions. Prithvi Narayan Shah had kept the originality of mountainous Nepal by holding the Moon-Sun depicting flag, which obliged all the Nepalese in the world.
In the ruling time of Muslim in India, English imperialist-East India Company invaded India with Christianity. They came first as traders, secondly-Bible and third was sword where they were building their own military force, secretly, to take over India and they were getting help from Great Britain to do so, and they succeeded. In such situation, the King of Gorkha-Prithvi Narayan Shah protected more than 54 small Hindu states unifying sovereign United Hindu Kingdom Nepal. The people of Nepal and India always have cordial relations due to the cultural and religious resemblance. They should know that if instability persists in Nepal, it could be a bastion of terrorism posing a threat to the whole world. In India when there were more than 25 nations, before Muslim and Britain period, at that time, India was not called ‘Hindustan’. Having majority of Hindu people in these Indian states, British named the country as a ‘Hindustan.’ But, before 250 years ago, the great King Prithvi Narayan Shah expressed–”Nepal is true Hindustan” That is the reality of the history of the only one Hindu kingdom in all over the world.
Indra Jatra, Kumari and King Prithvi
By Dirgha Raj Prasai