By N.P. Upadhdhya
The Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for making serious efforts to break new ground in major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, with the guidance of the thought on diplomacy of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era.
In an address made on June 23, 2018, at the Central Conference on Work Relating to Foreign Affairs held in Beijing on Friday and Saturday, President Xi, who is also the general secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and chairman of the Central Military Commission, underscored the importance of keeping in mind both internal and international imperatives, focusing on realizing Chinese nation’s rejuvenation and promoting human progress, and making contributions to the building of a community with a shared future for humanity.
He also urged, news agencies say, make serious efforts to firmly safeguard China’s sovereignty, security and development interests, take an active part in leading the reform of the global governance system, and build a more complete network of global partnerships, so that new advances will be made in major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics to create a favorable environment for, and make due contributions to, building a moderately prosperous society and a great modern socialist country in all aspects.
The Chinese President, close to an Emperor in effect, made such an address when Beijing had been hosting three top communist veterans in its territory.
Those communist leaders were KPS Oli from Nepal, China nursed baby Kim Jong-un of North Korea and President Juan Evo Morales Ayma of Bolivia.
It was the time when Nepal’s Prime Minister KPS Oli too was fortunately(?) in the Chinese capital appealing the “flying dragon” for some substantial support for his country in order to negate the lopsided comments being deliberately made both within and without by his known, unknown and paid detractors. And also to lessen Indian dependency of Nepal.
What hit the brains of the Nepali intelligentsia more, or even forced them to get scared listening to the President’s address and perhaps have begun in earnest to fasten the belts. The use of the word “Chinese Characteristics” in Chinese diplomacy is what hit the tender brains of Nepali people. .
Let’s look how tactfully the word has been selected and used by the President of the emerging super power, China, when Beijing had three communist top leaders from three different countries as guest right inside the Chinese territory at one time.
Should this mean that the Unified Communists of Nepal would now get influenced by what the Chinese President has said in effect? Is it that President Xi preferred to sound the visiting dignitaries from Bolivia and Nepal to practice henceforth the diplomacy with Chinese characteristics? The fear factor gets doubled when analysts have been told by the accompanying media men to China that PM Oli have had associated Nepal Government with the Chinese Communist Party in one way or the other.
PM Oli visited the central office of the Chinese Communist Party. Chinese characteristics must have unknowingly been stuck in his Daura-Suruwal. Let’s hope so for the time being.
Microbes perhaps in pocket also?
Indian Maoists have now reasons to smile as China has inched closer to Delhi Central.
It is this link that PM Oli established while being in China has invited scathing criticisms from his political opponents back home who forcefully claim that Oli must not have allied the Nepal Government with that of the Communist Party of China.
Food for thought for the Champions of Democracy across the globe. Nothing to panic, if President Trump can shake hands with Kim Jong-un then PM Oli has also the right to visit the CPC office. Communists the world over, Unite, the old slogan goes thus.
We have been told the blood of the Communists look RED the world over.
The fact is also that though Nepal has a communist government which commands the nation but yet the characteristics are based purely on democratic patterns. Not of the Chinese type of Communism or for that matter the socialism. Thanks there is no Chinese Characteristics yet. But chances remain that Chinese communism may enter Nepal through the much publicized Chinese locomotive.
The Left forces in Nepal however, do not give much attention to the opposition accusations and say that there was no harm in having close contacts with a similar force in China.
But the CPC is not like the fractured splinters of Nepal.
Be that as it may, the Chinese President must not have sounded the visiting communist dignitaries on the virtues of the diplomacy with the Chinese characteristics. He must not have said to copy such characteristics.
Ok let it be whatever it is.
PM Oli is beaming upon his return from Beijing as if he has won the world. But the fact is that he has failed to see beyond the borders in the South that the regional Goliath remains in a position which is about to explode.
Mohan Baidya too is not happy with Oli in that China did not listen to Oli on the issues of Lipulek pass – a Nepali land forcefully now agreed upon by India and China for their bilateral trade. China’s intentions appear not benevolent.
Or Oli deliberately did not raise the Lipulek issue?
Oli’s successful China visit, if it could be taken as what is being claimed by the Nepal’s vibrant media shall now begin lauding Oli’s gains in an overly blown manner much similar to its Indian “feku” counterpart that more often than not lauds even the comical utterances of PM Modi as Shyam Rangeela does who hails from Rajasthan.
This does mean that PM Oli has bagged considerable gains from his fresh Beijing visit in lieu of his undeclared promise that he shall exercise henceforth a diplomacy that has at least Chinese characteristics to some extent.
China is Nepal’s reliable partner is an undeniable fact however, what is also for sure is that China is concurrently a “business house” which perhaps does not believe in one way traffic and that Nepal too must have to pay back some financial returns as against the assurances that have been made by China in Nepal’s favor this time around. Debt trap may not be the right selection of the word but its equivalent must be present in the entire transaction that has been made in between the two countries: China and Nepal.
If no financial gains from Nepal then China must have compromised with Nepal on other strategic fronts which could be a matter of discussion of those who are interested and possess the expertise in the conduct of International relations.
Annoyed by the Indian PM Modi’s “rough and tough” language used after the conclusion of the SCO informal summit at Qingdo, must not have pleased President Xi with how Modi in a very terse terms rejected the endorsement of the One belt one Road of China’s ambitious projects.
Wuhan meet was to reset India-China ties, however, Qingdo’s SCO informal meet upset the bilateral ties, and at least this much could be read in between the lines.
In fact China wants to engage both Nepal and India in the BRI scheme of things so that a sort of trilateral cooperation remains in place and that the Road initiative without any hitch enters the South Asian region.
Professor SD Muni understands this. He says, whether India agrees or not to but China has already entered its footsteps in South Asia and that China shall remain in SA for an indefinite period.
The fresh debacle in Maldives and the Seychelles have frustrated India under Modi that he to a dangerous extent who may impose yet another Blockade on Nepal blaming the latter as to why she encouraged China to almost invade Maldives and Seychelles ? Nepal is always a scapegoat for the Indian regime.
China’s open hearted welcome extended to the Nepal PM Oli must have caused internal hemorrhage of many a gentlemen inside the South Block and its paid think-tanks who have made the Nepal-India ties a business to milk the RAW machinery as and when they wish to do so.
A sizeable chunk of financial assistance that India earmarks for Nepal gets gulped by the Delhi based former “rejected” diplomats under the garb of what they called the “think tanks”.
Kathmandu embassy appointment is tentatively taken as a bumper prize for the mentally and financially poor diplomats who abuse the Indian tax payer’s money as much as they can.
And upon return to Delhi, they are beaming in that they have enough money to enjoy the Delhi life and later get themselves engaged in RAW framed think-tanks.
(Annually India receives US$ 62.744 billion in remittance. Nepal is in the list of top ten countries and sends US$ 2. 744 billion every year. From India, Nepal receives only US$ 971 million in remittance. Courtesy: Masum Aryal from Biratnagar in Face Book).
But yet some senile Indian brains claim that India has been feeding the poverty stricken Nepali population. But the fact is that it is Nepal that has kept India going. The mentally retarded Indians, albeit a few, should correct their myopic version before it is too late.
President Xi has himself assured the Nepal PM Oli that Chinese Rail will enter Kathmandu within a short span of some years. This news must have jolted the entire Indian establishment to the hilt and that some naughty brains in Delhi must have been hired by the Modi clique to encourage the Indian Jayachands’ and Mirjaffors with Nepali souls in Kathmandu to damage the political credentials of PM Oli.
The Indian lobby in Kathmandu has already become active in denouncing Oli. The vibrant Nepali media is assisting the anti-China brains scattered in various political parties.
India has abundant reasons to get annoyed with Nepal for having enhanced ties with China in the recent days and may even accuse Nepal that Maldives went to the Chinese fold only because of Nepal. Bangladesh too has expressed its desire to get linked with China through rail connectivity. Pakistan is already a game changer with the CPEC mega projects.
Sri Lanka too has distanced itself from the Indian establishment which means that Colombo has inched closer to Beijing. Not bad. But then which country is left with India? Oh! Yes the baby Bhutan.
The Belt and Road Initiative of China has thus become a buzzword that has been annoying India in an unimaginable manner.
“No other countries proposals can outdo the Belt and Road Initiative for participating countries, the benefits of Chinese investment outweighs the risks. China will experience setbacks in projects, but the initiative as a whole will move forward”, so claims a finding of the Stratfor organization, June 22, 2018. (Twitter).
This means that the Chinese initiative may come across some troubles (perhaps the Stratfor hints at India for the setbacks) but ultimately it is this initiative that shall emerge with flying colors.
Indian annoyance is genuine in that apart from the debacles in the South Asian region that have been the destiny of the Indian regime of late then the Pakistani factor, the permanent bete noir of India too has added some substance to the already tensed India.
In an event that is apparently not of the Pakistan making, India concludes that the Indian High Commissioner in Islamabad Mr. Ajaya Bisaria was not allowed to enter into a Gurudwara in Punja Sahab, Pakistan.
The fact is that the Sikh Trust Board refused to grant entry recently to the Indian High Commissioner Ajaya Bisaria and his wife from entering the Sikh Holy temple of Punja sahib in Hassanabadal. The board cited Indian atrocities and human rights abuses against the Sikhs in India as a reason for refusal. (Twitter).
Now again back to CPEC that troubles India.
The $60 billion CPEC passes through disputed territory between India and Pakistan. New Delhi opposes the project saying it challenges India’s sovereignty.
But India has ever challenged Nepal’s sovereignty and now talks of its sovereignty gifted by the British India Company in 1947.
On Apr. 5, the Indian External Affairs Ministry reiterated its position on the BRI, in response to media reports that mentioned India’s possible cooperation with China on the BRI. India’s position “is clear and there is no change,” it said.
Modi remained adamant even during the freshly concluded Qingdo SCO informal Summit with President Xi.
“The so-called ‘China-Pakistan Economic Corridor’ violates India’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. No country can accept a project that ignores its core concerns on sovereignty and territorial integrity,” it added.
The ministry said that connectivity initiatives must be based on “universally recognized international norms, good governance, rule of law, openness, transparency and equality, and must be pursued in a manner that respects sovereignty and territorial integrity.”
Indian tall talks only. A damp squib.
China, meanwhile, sees the trilateral corridor with Nepal and India as a way to expand exports of cheap goods but India remains averse to such a Chinese proposal though Chinese rail is to enter Nepal very shortly.
As the Pakistan government has failed to remove many misconceptions and distorted versions about the multibillion-dollar project – the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), the local media has been urged to remove the myths and negative propaganda against the corridor, which is considered as a game changer for the country and region alike.
Acting Ambassador of People’s Republic of China, Zhao Lijan, while addressing a seminar on “CPEC and Role of Media” organized by the Council of Pakistan Newspapers Editors (CPNE) here, June 25, 2018, at a local hotel in Islamabad on Monday, shared six major misconceptions on CPEC which are being discussed in media and other forums.
False Debt trap canard:
Talking about another misconception being deliberately circulated in the Indian and its subordinate Nepali media, he says, is related to the debt and high loan interests to Chinese companies under the CPEC. He said the debt under CPEC was merely 10 per cent of the total debt of Pakistan. At present, the amount for the CPEC projects under construction or completed in $19 billion for which the financing arrangements are divided into four categories including investments, gratuitous aid provided by the Chinese side, interests free loan and preferential buyer credit. For investment, the main source of funds are commercial bank loans by investors, and not by the Pakistani government. The repayment method of such an investment is mainly based on the operating income after the completion of the projects and will not increase the debt burden. Most of the energy projects under CPEC use this approach. The interest rate of the loans provided by the Chinese banks for energy projects under CPEC is around 6 per cent.
According to the ambassador, for gratuitous aid, there is no pressure on the Pakistani side to pay back. For preferential buyers’ credit, the total amount under CPEC is $6 billion, a 31.6 per cent of the total cost of the corridor project. According to the Export-Import Bank of China, the peak value of Pakistan’s repayment of will occur in 2024, with only $527 million whereas the total amount to be paid back is $7.4 billion.
Perhaps the Chinese envoys’ clarification will approach the nepali leaders too who have been in a hysteric manner telling the domestic population that Nepal is already fallen in the Chinese debt trap.
And here is a surprise for India itself:
India will not prevent funding for the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) through a multilateral institution like the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), despite being critical of the $50 billion transportation project that it believes infringes on India’s sovereignty.
“Every multilateral bank has many dimensions and one cannot dictate which projects it must invest in, in other countries,” said Piyush Goyal, Union minister for finance, railways, coal and corporate affairs. “I think we should look at how we can benefit from such engagements rather than focusing our efforts on trying to see what they should not be doing,” he said.
CPEC is part of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) being spearheaded by China to build transport infrastructure across Asia and Africa. It passes through Gilgit and Baltistan areas of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.
India was isolated in its criticism of the project and was the only country at this month’s Shanghai Cooperation Organization summit in Qingdao city that refused to endorse BRI. Beijing has signed agreements with about 80 countries and international organizations before it started work on BRI.
India is the loser. Thanks Piyush Goyal for opening the eyes of PM Modi in Delhi.
Yet one thing remains to be guessed in advance. With all the setbacks and humiliation in place in the region and beyond, India may give it a try to impose yet another Economic Blockade on Nepal in order to console its burning heart. Much will also depends upon how China embraces Nepal in the days ahead? With what speed indeed?
Now for the Road:
Pakistan is all set to launch an indigenously developed satellite next month giving a boost to the space programme of the country.
Foreign Office Spokesperson, Dr Faisal Muhammad said that the satellite would be used for remote sensing and help in research in geography, climate and weather.
Besides this milestone, Pakistan will kick-start an ambitious space programme during the next fiscal year with an aim to keep an eye on the Indian side and reduce its dependence on foreign satellites for civil and military purposes.
The satellite named Pak TES-1A – is an indigenously developed remote sensing satellite of Pakistan. It will be launched at 610 km sun-synchronous orbit in July 2018.
The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is progressing rapidly and has now reached its third stage of development. Based on this progress, Pakistan is set to launch a 285 kg remote sensing satellite to monitor the progress of the projects under the umbrella of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). This satellite will help Pakistan reduce its dependence on foreign satellites and will also help it achieve the goal of border security. Chinese Communism thus is all set to enter through Chinese locomotive. That’s all.
Communism with Chinese characteristics to enter Nepal through Rail
By N.P. Upadhdhya