BY PROF DR SHASTRA DUTTA PANT
In order to understand the relations between the two countries‚ their dimensions can be categorized into five-fold relations:
1. Relations between the Governments of Nepal and India,
2. Relations between the political parties of Nepal and India,
3. Relations between the bureaucracies of Nepal and India,
4. Nepal’s relation with India’s RAW, and
5. People-to-people relations between Nepal and India.
The relations between Nepal and India at the government level are friendly in most cases. Both countries are helping each other in economic and social fields at the official level. Such relations and cooperation are manifest in bilateral agreements and treaties‚
memorandums‚ press communiqués‚ statements and various other written documents, needed to be improved to the mutual consent.
It reveals that relations are better as compared to other neighboring countries. With the exceptions of great blockades imposed three times so far by India and a few other sporadic incidents‚ the government-level relations between the two countries are neither suspicious nor pernicious. Both countries highly respect each other’s sovereignty. However, Indian police have violated Nepal’s sovereignty; enter Nepal, arrest and loot people and kill innocent Nepali citizens. Nepal has never violated international norms.
The relations between the political parties of the two countries are remarkably different from those of the governments.
Though different political parties harbor different attitudes towards Nepal‚ they do not agree on all occasions to the views of the Indian government. Four political parties (NC, CPN-UML, Maoist and Madeshbadi) of Nepal have some sort of one-way relationship with those of Indians. The Indian parties frequently violate the international norms and participate directly violating sovereign rights.
Indian political parties have serious concerns on Nepal, visit frequently help and guide them, instead Nepali political parties do not visit India to help or guide the Indian ones. Indian political parties are found to have extended their help to their Nepalis counterparts during elections‚ directly or indirectly. Nepali parties have feeling that their chair is saved by the Indian friends. They suffer from a kind of inferiority complex. Therefore they lose their self esteem, self-respect and national independence. The political parties of Nepal are not found to have reciprocated the same way as Indian do. Minor parties of both the countries have little relation.
The Indian political parties have carried national policies
towards Nepal. Some of them want to see Nepal emerged as an
independent‚ sovereign nation on the world stage. However, most of them have the feeling that Nepal should dance to their tune.
Almost all parties of India converge on the point that the only
heritage of Hindu Kingdom‚ highly respected by the common Hindu people‚ stands in the way of their desire to wrap Nepal around their little finger makes a puppet. Their efforts were found to be directed at weakening or denigrating. And it is because the monarch cannot establish direct relations with any political party; cannot be close or at a distance to any political party. It is not easy to maintain relations through some group or party or can come out in the open and speak.
The Indian political parties remain engaged in the task of breaking as well as integrating their counterparts in Nepal. They are found to have their hands in such activities. Furthermore‚ Indian journalists and almost all communication media are spitting venom against the interests of Nepal. The Indian communication media and parties including the so-called scholars, do not hesitate to dilute the image of Nepal even at international flora by suppressing the truth. So much so that a political party‚ raking up the simple‚ irrelevant issue of language‚ that Hindi should be the national language of Nepal, while there is not a single house Hindi as their mother tongue. Such white lies are rumored and spread on. Various other big issues are also found misleading. For the 1990 political change in Nepal‚ Indian political parties were more active than the Nepalis ones. Former Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar‚ Swami Subramanyam, Jyoti Basu etc. come to Nepal and provoked the people. For them‚ it didn’t amount to the interference in the internal affairs of a third country. Nepal’s party leaders are not wise enough to think that the incoming of foreigners would hurt Nepal’s national dignity‚ pride and nationality.
A truly nationalistic political organization does not tolerate external interference. The baseless‚ misleading rumors can influence the people of semi-aware level. They believe on words what is heard than what is seen. This has resulted in the emergence of terrorism‚ mainly a political terrorism which obstacles the political‚ social and economic development.
The relations between the Bureaucracy of Nepal and India remained significant. The bureaucracy of India with democratic system of governance is not as weak as that of Nepal. Indian is not dominated by politics. The bureaucracy of India is the permanent government where as in Nepal simply a clerk after 2006. Bureaucracy of India is the mainstay of India’s political system. Even if the politics of India becomes weak and unstable‚ its bureaucracy is capable enough to take care of it. This is significant for the sake of the country’s interests and well-being. Had the bureaucracy been good enough to love and respect Nepal as a sovereign‚ independent nation‚ Nepal would have nothing to worry about. Unfortunately‚ the reality is just opposite. Because of the lack of the career development the top officials of Nepal are not as competent as of India. It is because Nepal’s economy, industries and natural resources are now in the doldrums; that cannot control the non-quality products and hatches the conspiracy. They have‚ directly or indirectly‚ interfered in the daily affairs of Nepal. In stark violate international laws‚ illegally construct the dams‚ barrages and embankments. They continue to encroach upon Nepali land and dominate forcibly. The Indian security force or the armed police enter the country and get into the nooks and corners of the towns and villages to carry out searches and even shoot Nepali citizen.
(Excerpts from the book “Machination of RAW in Transitional Nepal” authored by Pant.)
BY PROF DR SHASTRA DUTTA PANT