By Dirgha Raj Prasai
The Nepal government has declared 10 to 16 Magh as the martyr’s week in memory of the martyrs of Nepal. From the very beginning, Nepal is known as a sovereign and independent country in the world. The struggle and sacrifice of the martyrs against the Rana oligarchy helped introduce democracy in the country, as a result, the Nepalese people have remained sovereign. The martyrs paid a terrible cost in blood, sweat and tears for the progress and prosperities of Nepal.
Strong minded democrat Sukraraj Shastri was hanged 9th Mag 1997 Bs at Pachali, Darma Bhakta Mathema was hanged-11th Mag at Siphal and Dasharath Chand and Gangalal Shrestha were shot by gun at Bishnumati.
The autocratic Rana rule lasted for 104 years. The Rana rulers had kept king Tribhuvan a captive in his palace because the former dreaded his concern for freedom. The Rana rulers insolently approved of all official edicts in name of the monarch. King Tribhuvan stealthily met with democratic fighters and their secret papers were passed to the King. The King used to communicate with freedom fighters through such papers secretly. The King had a desire to free himself and also institutionalize democracy in the country. As we read the books written by the King’s personal nurse Ms. Erika, Ganeshman Singh, Compounder Chandraman, Sidhhicharan Shrestha, Khadgaman Singh as ‘Jailma Bish Barsha (Twenty years in jail)’, it was sure that if King Tribhuvan had not sacrificed, martyrs’ dream to bring democracy in the country would never come true.
Leadership is the gift of time. The time searches for leadership. It will be distrusting the history if we disregard the facts that the monarchs have ruled to protect Nepal time and again. In 1950 King Tribhuvan gambled his crown against the Rana regime for the sake of democracy. After the execution of four martyrs the king led the fight for democracy. Had he not done so, would the dreams of martyrs like Sukraraj Shastri, Dharma Bhakta Mathema, Dasharath Chand, Gangalal Shrestha have come true? The King and the democratic Nepali people established democracy with a stern challenge to the Rana autocracy. The democracy rose in 1950, and now after so long time the statue of King Tribhuvan is being removed in Thankot and Banepa. Is it not appropriate and logical in democratic history. It will not be beneficial to anyone to harbor prejudice towards the statue.
It is a national crime to extinguish the identities that attests to the history of the nation. It was not an easy task to establish democracy in Nepal. It was certain death to oppose the Rana regime at that vintage of time. How did King Tribhuvan surrender himself by risking his crown for democracy in 1950? It does not suit anyone to harbor prejudice against the late King’s statue at Martyr’s Gate in the capital. Wouldn’t it have taken more blood in name of democracy without the King’s support? People are witness to the fact that King Tribhuvan’s statue was vandalized by four to five people of non Nepali origin in Banepa during the uprising in 2006. This is a systematic conspiracy. However, Banepa’s Tribhuvan Chowk is still popular. The statue will soon be reinstated in Banepa. King Tribhuvan, who is known as the father of democracy, contributed much for democracy. If King Tribhuvan would not have there, the only sacrifice of martyrs would not have significant in establishing democracy. The concern of the Nepalese people is complete democracy. Let’s pay tribute to the memorial four martyrs and the King Tribhuvan.
Tribute to the martyrs and King Tribhuvan
By Dirgha Raj Prasai