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India-China Doklam standoff

editSince mid-June, after some Indian troops crossed the Bhutan China border and entered into the Doklam area, the two countries have been engaged in a standoff. It is a case of serious violation of the international norms and practice by the Indian troops. China is firm on its stance that no talks will be held with India on the Doklam issue before the Indian troops’ unconditional withdrawal from the Chinese territory. Historical evidences confirm that the disputed Doklam area is clearly Chinese territory and even many Indian experts believe Doklam was never belonged to Bhutan. Bhutan herself is not sure about her ownership on the Doklam area and for years, the Chinese side is using this territory and already China has constructed a road in Doklam, which, China is now upgrading and widening.
A former Indian ambassador to USSR, Turkey and Germany, who had also served in a dozen Indian missions abroad, in his write-up in the Strategic Culture Journal published on 11 July, has stated that in accordance to the treaty held in 1890 in between the then British India and Sikkim, Doklam is the Chinese territory. Only in 2000, Bhutan has claimed Doklam as her land.
In the 60s, India had developed a map for Bhutan. In this map, the Indians have included Doklam in the Bhutani territory, according to Bhadrakumar.
As claimed by the Indian side, the Indian force had entered into the Chinese territory to protect the Bhutani territory under Bhutan’s request. At a time when a media war between India and China is continuing, Bhutan has remained silent. Citing on the special relations between India and Bhutan, India has claimed that she had sent her force in Doklam to protect the Bhutani territory, however, reports claim that Bhutan has not made any request to India. According to reports, during the visit of the spouse of the Chinese ambassador in Delhi to Thimphu, the Bhutani king had made it clear that Bhutan had never made such a request to India. However, India has tried to make Bhutan’s issue as her own issue and she has once again tried to demonstrate her hegemony on a small neighbour Bhutan, which is struggling for getting rid of the so called Indian umbrella and extending hands towards China for friendship and cooperation. To recall, Bhutan is immediate neighbour of China having common borders, even though, the two countries – one permanent member of the UN Security Council and another UN member – have no diplomatic relations yet. For the first time, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and Bhutani Prime Minister Thinle had held a sideline meeting at an international conference in Brazil on 21 June 2012. This was the first high-level meeting between Bhutan and China. At the meeting, Bhutan had expressed the desire to establish diplomatic relations between the countries and sign on a treaty for mutual cooperation as soon as possible. As reaction of such a high-level meeting without the Indian notice, the South Block had punished its ambassador to Bhutan and also Thinle had lost the general elections in Bhutan followed by Indian embargo on petro-products supply. Small countries in the South Asian region are great sufferers of the Indian hegemony, and, in a greater style, China is responsible for allowing Indian domination over small countries.
India annexed Sikkim, a sovereign and independent nation and finally, after three decades of the Indian annexation, China recognized Sikkim as an Indian territory and removed independent nation state Sikkim from her map. China lost her trustworthy and permanent friend in Nepal, the institute of monarchy, which was removed under the Indo-West design aimed at creating trouble to China via Nepal, whereas China remained a silent spectator. Furthermore, India and China signed an agreement for opening the trade route via Kalapani, Nepali land forcefully occupied by India, which has seriously hurt Nepali sentiments. The Doklam dispute could be a lesson for China on how the Indo-West force is trying to encircle China, even by challenging her own territory. Indeed, China should play a role for safeguarding her small but friendly neighbouring countries’ independence, sovereignty and freedom.

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